Interview as a method of collecting information: strategy of questions

It’s important to differentiate interviews as a method of collecting information and interviewing being a genre. In the first instance, interview, that is, communication with people, is regarded as three straight ways to get information by way of a researcher. Two other ways are:

  • observation, whenever researcher himself is an eyewitness of this event,
  • working with papers, where in fact the document means any material carrier texts that are containing pictures.

Kinds of interviews and their purpose

Interviews as a technique of data gathering in turn are divided in to:

  • genre (for planning of text into the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to recognize the characteristics of a person, then to reflect them in the text).

The reportage interview was talked about within the chapter that is previous. Concerning the investigative will find out within the chapter on information retrieval. The theme with this chapter is interview being a genre, as being a real method of text formatting by means of questions from the interviewer while the responses associated with interlocutor. During the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in fact the wide range of questions of this researcher is minimized (often they are not any at all), during the other pole – a discussion, whenever journalist not just asks concerns, but also speaks much with lengthy arguments.

The fact the interview is a conversation, indicates in regards to the same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. When you look at the typical interview, the interviewer responses simply take 70-90% of this text. A discussion may be conducted by way of a journalist, by authority comparable to the interlocutor, so the opinion of the journalist has also been interesting to readers, given that opinion associated with the interlocutor. If a typical journalist talks the maximum amount of or higher in a job interview being an interlocutor, this might be a indication of inadequate qualification.

Forms of interviews with respect to the subject. Subject interview

With respect to the topic, you can find three forms of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Topic of the subject interview is their state of things in almost any field of activity. Often this is certainly an meeting with a professional, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting to the journalist just as much as he’s associated with this continuing state of affairs. For instance, an officer tells just how to protect a condo from thieves. The physician explains how to protect yourself through the flu epidemic. The financial advisor makes a forecast just how long the crisis may be from the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s viewpoint on conditions that deviate through the meeting topic, nor the life that is private of interlocutor is of interest.

The dwelling for the topic interview consists of three components. First, they reveal the interlocutor’s connection with this issue. Then there is a parsing associated with the topic for the intended purpose of its presentation, evaluation and clarification. The subject meeting ends with all the streamlining of the thing that was said, summarizing, practical recommendations to readers.

The hero of this topic interview can additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. This is certainly a given information interview, one of many news genres. The duty associated with journalist is always to learn whenever you can the important points and information on what took place. As in the way it is of a specialist, the interlocutor’s interaction because of the subject is first shown, then your topic is deepened, and also the ending is specialized in general impressions of exactly what took place in addition to conclusions that the interlocutor made.

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